The effect of horizontal and vertical dimensions of the interproximal space on the existence of interdental papillae – A clinical study


Original Article

Author Details : Kavitha P, Jeeva Rekha M, Ashwath B*

Volume : 6, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 143-148

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpi.2021.024



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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the existence of inter dental papilla according to the vertical dimension, horizontal dimension and the combined effects of the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the interproximal space on the existence of interdental papilla.
Materials and Methods: 182 interdental sites of 42 periodontitis patients undergoing open flap debridement were included in the study. The existence of interdental papilla was determined based on the Papilla Presence Index (PPI). The vertical dimension (VD) was measured from the alveolar crest to the contact point using UNC-15 probe. Horizontal dimension (HD) was measured from the mesial surface of the distal tooth and the distal surface of the mesial tooth at the level of the alveolar crest using castroviejocaliper. Statistical analysis was done by using independent ‘t’ test, Pearson’s Chi-square test and Trend Chi-square test.
Results: The existence of papilla was significantly higher in VD ? 5mm (91.5%) compared to VD > 5mm (9.8%) [p< 0> Conclusion: The vertical and horizontal dimensions of the interproximal space gains significance in determining the existence of papilla and further research is needed to analyze the other factors influencing the papilla.
 

Keywords: Interdental papilla, Horizontal dimension, Vertical dimension


How to cite : Kavitha P, Jeeva Rekha M, Ashwath B, The effect of horizontal and vertical dimensions of the interproximal space on the existence of interdental papillae – A clinical study. IP Int J Periodontol Implantol 2021;6(3):143-148


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Periodontol Implantol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 10-08-2021

Accepted : 09-09-2021

Available online : 11-10-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpi.2021.024


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